The Supreme Court of Justice of Colombia, in a historic ruling, recognized Colombian Amazon rainforest as an entity subject of rights, meaning that it has the same legal rights as a human being. The sentence aims to protect this area from the severe deforestation that is suffering and thus help to curb climate change.
The Court stated that the Colombian Government has not efficiently addressed the problem of deforestation in the Amazon despite the international commitments to protect the Amazon rainforest. The judges ordered the Government to set an action plan within five months. It also considers that a joint effort is essential with local entities that live on a daily basis, the impact of climate change.
In 2008 Ecuador became the first country in the world that recognized in its Magna Carta to make nature a subject of rights.