The mandatory EU egg labelling regime came into force on January, 1st 2004 (EU Regulation 2295/2003) and provides a useful information to consumers about the methods of production.
HOW TO IDENTIFY EGG PRODUCTION SYSTEMS
Regarding the welfare of laying hens, the first digit of the Code reveals the system of production:
0 – Organic eggs: hens have access to outdoor areas and are fed with organic, all-vegetarian diet free of antibiotics and pesticides. This system of production is the best for the maintenance of good animal welfare standards 1. Free-range eggs: hens have access to an outdoor area during daylight hours, shaded areas and shelter from rain and windbreaks. There is a maximum of 4 hens per m2. 2. barn laid: hens are free to roam within a building which may have more than one level. Nonetheless, although they are not caged, the high density (up to 9 hens per m2) causes hens physical and psychological stress. Hens' beaks are often ‘trimmed’ to prevent feather-pecking and even cannibalism. 3.- Battery cages are a product of farming factory and are still legally allowed in the EU. “Enriched” battery cages now have to provide 600 cm squared useable space per bird, less than the size of an A4 piece of paper each, and limited facilities for perching, nesting and scratching. These few improvements do not involve benefits in the welfare of the birds.
Organic (0) and Free-range (1) egg production systems are the best for the welfare of laying hens. Let consumers make an informed choice.
An initiative based on the principle of respect for animal life.
In order to control the pigeon population and to avoid discomfort and complaints, the City of Paris in 2003 installed the first contraceptive dovecote in the 14thDistrict. This initiative was based on the principle of respect for animal life and had the agreement ofanimal protection associations, the spokespersons of the feeders and friends of the birds. A further objective of the initiative was to rehabilitate the image of the dove in the landscape of Paris. Currently the city has 13 lofts located in different districts of the city, thereby facilitating better integration of populations of pigeons in the city and a harmonious coexistence with citizens.
The Municipal Council, who are responsible for the initiative, have explained the benefits as the protocol continues to run and to be maintained. These are based on the following four points: controlling the concentrations of doves in order for couples to reduce the number of broods they raise to once per year instead of 6 to 8 times, health monitoring of doves, death control and cleaning of excreta.
As part of the campaign the Paris Nature service also organizes awareness days in schools close to the dovecote, teaching students to observe the birds that inhabit the park and discover the existence of small ecosystems within their city.
Currently more than 61 French towns and cities have implemented green pigeon location, and studies are being carried out in other cities.
Contact with animals has beneficial effects
This theory has been confirmed by an international team of researchers through an epidemiological study published in the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM). The risk of asthma in children living in farms with animals was found to have decreased from 30% to 50%. These are the findings of studies conducted in more than 16,000 school children living in Germany, Switzerland and Austria. The study also showed that this lower susceptibility to asthma is due in part to the exposure of these children to a variety of microorganisms, greater in comparison than for other children living in the same region. According to the authors, it seems that bacteria and fungi act as ‘health guardians’, stimulating the immune system. The greater the diversity of the microbial population, the greater the protection against asthma.
These results agree with other studies previously carried out to investigate this connection. Childhood asthma is one of the chronic diseases that continues to grow in Europe and among the factors that negatively affect the risk of suffering,that of urban pollution figures significantly. The results of these investigations are part of two European epidemiological projects funded by the EU called Parsifal "Prevention of allergies: risk factors for sensitization in children related to the anthroposophic lifestyle and agricultural environments" and Gabriel "Multidisciplinary Study the identification of genetic and environmental causes of asthma”
In London there is a monument dedicated to the memory of the animalsinvolved in wars and military conflicts of the twentieth century. It is a poignant reminder to all those animals that served, suffered and diedin the wars whilst serving in the British, Commonwealth and allied forces.
The monument issituated at the Hyde Park end of Park Lane. It was opened in November 2004 by Princess Anne of England, to mark the 90th anniversary of the First World War.
A stone wall carved with silhouettes of animals, symbolizes the battlefield, where the figures of two donkeys laden with bronze cannons, are moving toward a narrow passage. On its side is written the place in which the animals lived as well as major combats and the number of missing animals.
Most significant are the two inscriptions, which read:
"This monument is dedicated to all animals who served and died alongside British forces and their allies in wars and campaigns throughout time "
"They had no choice"
Con la llegada del verano y las altas temperaturas, debemos tener especial atención con el golpe de calor en nuestros perros y gatos, ya que son mucho más sensibles al calor que los humanos y tienen menos recursos para poder combatirlo. Los perros por ejemplo, no tienen glándulas sudoríparas repartidas por el cuerpo, que les permita regular su temperatura corporal. Para eliminar el calor lo hacen a través del jadeo, de las almohadillas de las patas y de las zonas de poco pelo, como es el vientre. Los gatos alivian el calor a través de unas glándulas sudoríparas que tienen en la barbilla, en el ano y en las almohadillas de sus patas. También con sus lamidos consiguen que la saliva depositada en el pelo al evaporarse, disminuya su calor corporal.
CUANDO SE PRODUCE EL GOLPE DE CALOR
El golpe de calor sobreviene principalmente en épocas de elevadas temperaturas, como en el verano, y también cuando hay un alto grado de humedad. Al producirse conlleva que el perro o el gato acaben con sus reservas de azúcar y de sales minerales, provocando un trastorno interno de graves consecuencias.
FACTORES DE RIESGO
La rapidez es fundamental ante la aparición de alguno de los síntomas anteriores. Si el animal no es tratado a tiempo, puede sobrevenir la muerte en 15 minutos. Es importante tener en cuenta que la temperatura no debe hacerse bajar de forma brusca, porque podría provocar una hipotermia, con consecuencias igualmente peligrosas que el golpe de calor.
QUE DEBEMOS HACER:
1. Llevarlo al veterinario lo antes posible.
1. Si no podemos ir al veterinario:
QUE NO DEBEMOS HACER:
Nunca taparlo o envolverlo con toallas mojadas, porque el calor corporal le subirá en lugar de bajar. Nunca utilizar agua helada porque podemos dañar su cerebro.
PREVENCIÓN PARA EL GOLPE DE CALOR
Actuar con sentido común, es la mejor prevención para que nuestros animales de compañía no sufran un golpe de calor. Es importante recordar:
ALERTA ANIMALES EN LOS COCHES